Dr. John Grinder . . .
. . . co-founder with Richard Bandler of Neuro-Linguistic Programming. Dr. John Grinder still personally teaches New Code NLP through the
International Training Academy of NLP
with his partner Carmen Bostic St. Claire.
Armed with a psychology degree John Grinder joined the military in the early 1960’s and was a member of the special forces in Europe which eventually translated to him working of an American intelligence agency (not named, so guess).
After serving our country during the cold war John returned to college and wrote On Deletion Phenomena in English as his thesis which earned him a PhD in linguistics. Soon after he worked with George Miller who wrote the famous paper often mentioned in NLP books: “The Magic Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two” which showed that the human mind can only keep track of 7-ish chunks of information in its working memory.
After his stint with Miller at Rockefeller University, John Grinder accepted a teaching position at the University of California at Santa Cruz. Grinder focused upon the theories of Noam Chomsky especially related to deletion and syntax.
It was while John Grinder was teaching at UCSC that he heard about the strange going’s on by a couple of students that were holding “gestalt” sessions. Grinder sat in on a few of these sessions before introducing himself to the ring leader,
When Dr. John Grinder began to explain to Richard in linguistic terms what he saw him doing in his experimental group which they were calling META. The young Bandler with his “New Jersey” attitude pretended to already know what Grinder was talking about. John Grinder brought to the model that Richard was developing the formal linguist theories and structure that eventually became the Meta Model.
The essence of this new model was written about in the first five books they wrote: Structure of Magic, I & II and Patterns of Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson I & II.
Bandler and Grinder eventually agreed upon the name
which was made up by Bandler and offered one of the early seminars in the living room of the famed Hypnotist
Dr. David Dobson.
John Grinder and Richard Bandler taught together for approximately 7 years and in 1980 they quit collaborating and went their own ways. Neither of them has ever spoken about the exact reason why their collaboration ended and when they mention each other on tape and in seminars they always speak very highly of the other.
In classical code NLP, the person will ask the client for the outcome that they are seeking, what is called a well formed outcome. With New Code NLP Grinder claims that when the person gives a conscious answer there is also an unconscious component, a part, that may not necessarily agree with the conscious outcome.
Essentially he says that if the conscious mind could get the desired outcome it would have already done so. So in NEW CODE NLP they calibrate both the conscious and unconscious responses to the well formed outcome to make sure that they are in agreement. If the conscious outcome and the unconscious are not in alignment it is the job of the practitioner to first get them in agreement before doing the intervention.
Grinder claims that when he and Richard worked with clients did this aligning but in the classical model of NLP this aspect is not stressed. So with his NEW CODE NLP this was what he sought to develop and teach.
The six step reframe is similar to what John seems to be talking about. It is a content free process that seeks to get all of the parts in alignment and working toward the same goal before asking the unconscious accept the intervention. In NLP terms this is called the ecology of the system, and it implies that making any change may have far and long reaching other affects in other aspects of the clients life than just the desired change, and are these other changes desirable?
In Grinder’s own words as spoken to
Michael Caroll of the NLP Academy:
"The New Code is a set of patterns developed in the mid - 80s by myself John Grinder with contributions initially by Judith Delozier and subsequently by Carmen Bostic St. Clair. The motivations for the creation of the New Code are multiple and include a recognition that the coding of patterning I accomplished with Richard Bandler in the creation of NLP contained a number of serious coding flaws.
In the late 70s I noticed (JG) a significant number of NLP trained practitioners who were stunningly effective in doing change work with clients yet these same practitioners had chosen not to, or lacked the choice to, apply the patterns of NLP successfully to themselves. I therefore set out with the intention of designing a set of patterns that would both correct the coding flaws of the Classic code (roughly my collaborative work with Bandler from 1974 through 1978) that could not be effectively presented unless the presenter was congruent with self application."
According to Wikipedia, these are properties of the NEW CODE:
1 Explicit involvement of the client's unconscious mind for selecting desired states, resources and new behaviors.
2 The new behavior must satisfy the original positive intention(s).
3 The change occurs at the level of state and/or intention, rather than the level of behavior.
Grinder and Bostic name the following most substantial patterns contained in the new code:
1 Multiple Perceptual positions, especially triple description (1st, 2nd and 3rd position).
2 Explicit Framing (outcome, intention, consequences with relevancy challenges).
3 Ordering relationships including hierarchies such as the model of logical levels (not to be confused with Robert Dilts' Neurological levels).
4 Timelines (which, according to Grinder, were developed initially as an exercise in a joint seminar presented by Grinder and Dilts in the early '80s.
5 The Verbal Package (a streamlined version of Meta model (NLP)) with reduced questions, explicit framing and the more refined verbal distinctions such as those named by the terms description, interpretation and evaluation.
6 A single four-steps format for change with a variable 3rd step. The 3rd step usually includes new code games, designed to induce the high performance state. These games include: the Alphabet game, the NASA game and variants of Roger Tabb's trampoline exercises.
7 Sanctuary: A process for working with an unwanted state that either creeps up on you so slowly that you are not aware of it until you are experiencing it deeply or so quickly you lose control
8 Multiple forms of involuntary signals for unconscious communication.
9 Characterological adjectives.
Dr. Grinder has written many book both with Richard Bandler and others. These books include:
Structure of Magic I (1975) Bandler and Grinder
Patterns of Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson I (1975)
Structure of Magic II (1976) Bandler and Grinder
Changing with Families (1976) Bandler, Grinder and Satir
Patterns of Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson II (1977) Bandler, Grinder, Judith DeLozier
Frogs Into Princes (1979) Bandler and Grinder
NLP Volume I (1980) Dilts, Grinder, Bandler and DeLozier
Precision (1980) Grinder and McMaster
TranceFormations (1981)Bandler and Grinder
Reframing (1982) Bandler and Grinder
Turtles All The Way Down (1987) Grinder
Leaves Before the Wind (1994) Milliner and Grinder
Can We Start Again? (2000) Scott and Grinder
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